8 key training principles for fitness and sports training


The 8 training principles are research-based guidelines that can help you accelerate your training progress and optimize results. Knowing how to apply these principles provides you with an educated basis on which you can make informed decisions about the design of your training or sports training program. The principles can also help assess the merits of fitness equipment and personal training services.

All the principles complement each other. For best results, they should be applied in concert at every stage of the training.

1. Principle of specificity suggests that your body makes adjustments based on the type of training you perform and the same muscles you exercise. How you train determines what you get.

This principle guides you in designing your fitness training program. If your goal is to improve your overall fitness level, you should design a well-rounded program that builds both strength and overall body strength. If you want to build the size of your biceps, you will increase the weight loads on bicep curls and related exercises.

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